If you are from a country which is not part of the European Union, and you intend to stay in an EU country for more than three months, you will need to apply for a Residency Permit. This is issued by the member state to allow you to access the benefits of the country whilst you stay there. Some countries will require additional considerations to grant full access to healthcare, etc, but in general, a Residency Permit is the first application you should make.
You should remember that not all countries in Europe are members of the European Union and may, therefore, have a different legal procedure to obtain a Residency Permit.
Types of Residency Permits
1. Temporary Residency Permits for Scientific Researchers
This type of Permit is only limited to researchers, with a minimum requirement for the applicant to be a holder of a Master’s Degree with a path of study which is leading to a Doctoral Degree. Only certain institutions can apply for these Residency Permits and you should check that they are listed on the individual country website. There should be a valid agreement between the scientist and the institution which clearly explains remuneration, scope of the research, and the duration of the scientific research. Additionally, the following documents are mandatory.
2. European Blue Card
This Permit is reserved for highly qualified individuals and remains valid for a maximum of three years. It is issued after verifying that the applicant has completed higher education and has an offer of employment lasting for at least one year. The documents required for this Permit are the same as that of researchers, except that a certificate confirming completion of a Higher Education qualification is also required.
3. Residency Permit for Family Members
According to European law, a family member is one that is legally married to the applicant or a biological or legally adopted child. Any person wishing to travel to a country and not holding this status will be treated as an individual applicant.
This Residency Permit is issued to family members of foreigners living in Europe. The term family is described as that which includes a spouse and a child, the child being under the age of 18 years. For a foreigner to obtain a Residency Permit for his or her family, they have to prove that they are financially secure, and the following documents are required to be supplied.
A European Residency Permit is a lasting authorisation to live in a European Union nation. To qualify for a Residency Permit in Europe, the applicant must have lived in the country where they are applying, normally for at least five years. A Residency Permit in the European Union is valid until further notification, meaning that you do not have to renew it unless the regulations change, and you are notified. To apply for a European Residency Permit for non-European residents there are additional requirements. The qualifications for a European Residency Permit are as follows:
You should remember that not all nations in Europe are member countries of the European Union. For instance, Norway, North Macedonia, or Switzerland will not qualify you to acquire a European Union Residency Permit or citizenship. Many changes have taken place in the European Union recently, including the withdrawal of the United Kingdom. If you apply for British citizenship or a Residency Permit, this will no longer give you access to the European Union for free movement and travel. Most nations will require residency to have been established for at least 5 years before any form of permanent Residency Permit can be submitted.
You should thoroughly investigate the laws as they relate to your specific needs and location before making any payments, as these are often non-refundable.
If your wife or husband is a resident of a European Union nation, you may have the option to apply for a Residency Permit, if not citizenship, through them. The European Union country of residency may also shorten the amount of time you have to live in the nation before applying for citizenship. However, this does not preclude gaining the other necessary prerequisites for citizenship, such as language ability and tests.
The application forms are normally generally available on the official website of the country where you are looking to live. Each nation has its own format, but you will need to provide the following:
Some of the applications may require a financial deposit, some may require a financial levy to be paid to prove a permanent commitment to that country. The costs of each application will vary between nations and you should research these costs before going ahead.
It can take some time to process the applications, dependant on how straightforward they are, and on the load on the immigration department for that country. Some may require more information before they can go ahead, and you should ensure that you remain in contact with them during this process.
Should you need an extension to a Residency Permit, you will be informed. You should ensure that you have maintained correct records so that you can be contacted – a delay to this may mean that your Permit is not renewed and you may lose the entitlement. Should you fail to apply in enough time, you may have your application denied. There are other reasons that you may be denied the Permit, some of which include:
If you are granted an EU Residency Permit, you will be entitled to nearly indistinguishable rights from the nationals of the nation you are living in.