How a non resident can create a company in France

How a non resident can create a company in France

When setting up a business in France, it is important to consider the specific requirements and procedures based on your nationality and residency status. Here is a breakdown of the different situations and the key points to consider:

  • Nationals of the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area (EEA), or the Swiss Confederation:

    • No specific residence permit is required to operate a business in France.

    • Follow the standard procedure for setting up a company.

    • If you plan to reside in France, register with the mayor of your commune of residence within three months of arrival.

  • Foreign nationals wishing to reside in France:

    • Apply for a long-stay visa from the diplomatic and consular authorities in your country of origin to enter France.

    • Once in France, apply for a temporary residence permit marked "entrepreneur/profession libérale" or a "passport talent" (talent passport).

    • These permits are subject to conditions, including the economic viability of your business project.

    • If self-employed, you must have resources equivalent to at least the legal minimum wage in France for full-time work.

  • Foreign nationals not wishing to reside in France:

    • No special steps are required if you continue to reside abroad.

    • Register with the Registre du commerce et des sociétés (RCS) or the Répertoire des métiers (RM) for tradespeople.

    • When you arrive in France, apply for a temporary residence permit for professional reasons from the prefectural authority in your place of residence.

Regarding the legal status of your business, you can choose between a sole proprietorship (EI) or a company, without restrictions as long as you have the necessary residence permit. All social obligations linked to the legal form of the company will apply similarly to French citizens.

For the Entrepreneur Visa (Visa de Création d'Entreprise), which is designed for individuals establishing a business or investing in France, here are general guidelines:

  • Business Plan: Prepare a detailed business plan with information about your proposed venture, market analysis, financial projections, and employment creation potential.

  • Financial Resources: Demonstrate sufficient financial resources to support yourself and your business in France, typically through bank statements or other evidence of financial stability.

  • Investment Amount: While there is no fixed minimum investment amount, your investment should be substantial and capable of generating economic activity. It may include capital contributions, equipment purchases, or relevant expenses for establishing your business.

  • Job Creation: Show that your business plan has the potential to create employment opportunities for French residents, aligning with the aim of encouraging economic development.

  • Experience and Qualifications: Relevant experience or qualifications in your proposed business field can demonstrate your capacity to successfully operate the venture.

  • Legal Compliance: Ensure your business activities comply with French laws and regulations, including registering your business, obtaining necessary licences or permits, and fulfilling industry-specific obligations.

  • Language Proficiency: While not always mandatory, having a basic understanding of French can be helpful for navigating business operations and interacting with local authorities and stakeholders.